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KinatexANKLE SPRAIN

ANKLE SPRAIN
  • Published on Monday June 20th, 2016

ANKLE SPRAIN

Ankle sprain is a common injury in sports and everyday life. Whether as a result of a false movement, a missed step or a trauma, the most common type of ankle sprain is the inversion sprain. In 85% of cases, damage to the external lateral ligament complex is caused by excessive inward motion of the ankle.

MOST COMMON SEQUENCE OF STRUCTURAL DAMAGE

THE 3 GRADES OF ANKLE SPRAINS

1.       Anterior talofibular ligament

Grade 1 Stretching of the ligament

2.       Anterolateral capsule

Grade 2 Partial tearing of the ligament

3.       Distal tibiofibular ligament

Grade 3 Full tearing of the ligament

4.       Calcaneofibular ligament
5.       Posterior talofibular ligament

How can a physiotherapist help?

Physiotherapy has been proven effective time and time again. According to numerous research articles published in scientific journals¹², physiotherapy can be a valuable tool in all 3 phases of recovery, regardless of the grade of the sprain:

PHASE 1

Inflammation

(up to 10 days post trauma)

PHASE 2

Proliferation

(4-8 weeks)

PHASE 3

Remodeling

(up to a year)

Treatment

Treatment

Treatment

Taping

Mobilizations

Progression of exercises

Electrotherapy

Taping depending on patient activities

Advice

Advice

Electrotherapy

Taping for sports and functional activities depending on the patient’s needs and condition

(RICE: Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation)

Ice as needed

Adjusting crutches

Strengthening and proprioception exercises

Gait pattern assessment

Clinically, the active patient or athlete, starting physiotherapy soon after injury encourages speedy recovery and minimizes possible aftereffects, in the short and long term.

A consultation with the professionals at Kinatex will help promote healing; prevent residual pain and mechanical, muscular and postural stress; and minimize the risk of recurrence. 

Associated services

References

¹Lin CC, Hiller CE, de Bie RA, Evidence-based treatment for ankle injuries: clinical perspective, Journal of Manual and Manipulative Therapy 2010; 18(1): 22-28.

²Peterson W, Rembitski IV, Koppenburg AG, Ellermann A, Liebau C., Bruggemann, Best R, Treatment of acute ankle ligament injuries a systematic review, Arch Orthop Trauma Surg, Août 2013; 133(8): 1129-1141.